Estate Planning:

Estate Planning incorporates the use of Wills, Powers of Attorney for finances as well as Health and sometimes trusts and other documents along with the property titling of assets and beneficiary designations in such a way to minimize or eliminate headaches and problems at the time of someone’s incapacity or death.

At Pifer Estate Law, our goal and greatest sense of accomplishment is being able to tell a client’s spouse and/or family members “this is going to be easy.” Pre-death planning is so much more than a will – it incorporates a plan that minimizes and possibly eliminates the court’s involvement which reduces both court fees and attorney’s fees - not to mention reducing the amount of time the deceased’s assets are available to their loved ones. The best plan is one that gets the assets to the deceased loves ones in a timely, inexpensive matter in the way the deceased intended.

Another significant goal for our clients is to minimize issues during the incapacity of a loved one. We hope to plan so we can avoid costly guardianship hearings by making a plan in advance so if someone does become incapacitated, their bills can still be paid, their home managed and most important, their wishes are carried out. We accomplish this by using Health Care Powers of Attorney along with Declarations for a Desire for a Natural Death as well as Durable Powers of Attorney for finances, tax matters and legal matters.

We also incorporate releases for the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA Law) so that the folks you want to have access to your health care information will be able to do so when the time comes. Asset ownership, titling, deeds and beneficiary designations can override a well-crafted will or trust so we work up a list of directions for the whole picture and share that with the client’s advisors with the client’s permission. Of particular concern are tax-deferred assets such as retirement assets – beneficiary designations must be well thought out on these assets in order not to trigger an unwanted taxable event. We also recommend a review with our clients every three to five years. We feel that is an ethical obligation to be sure all is still as the client desires with their documents and their titling of assets.

Estate Administration:

Estate Administration is the process of paying the decedent’s final bills, notifying creditors so that we cut off any surprise claims against the decedent’s estate down the road, and finally, distributing the decedent’s assets to the decedent’s beneficiaries, whether family members, trusts, charities or some combination thereof.

The probate court is the court – typically in the county where the deceased lived – that oversees the administration of the assets that pass through the decedent’s will. Assets payable on death to a beneficiary or a trust will not go through the probate process, and therefore pass to the heirs or desired entity quickly and with no probate fees. Assets that go through the will and thus the probate court pay a fee to the court based on the value of the assets and the state specific statute. An inventory is due reflecting the date of death values, along with proof of such, of the deceased’s assets to the court within 90 days of opening an estate. The Will will appoint the Executor (or Personal Representative) who is the person in charge of the decedent’s estate. If there is no Will, this person is called the estate administrator. Estate Administrators are given Letters of Testamentary (or Letters of Administration if no will) and that is their “license” to collect the decedent’s assets, file the appropriate reports with the court, do a notice to creditors, file taxes, pay final bills including court, CPA, & attorney fees, and eventually distribute the assets to the desired beneficiaries.

The Notice to creditors must run its course before the estate can be finalized and bill paid. Of course, the court has to “bless” this entire operation.

Business Succession:

Most folks who own their business have worked hard to build and develop that business. In any well done estate plan, that business planning should be a part of the conversation. If the business owner dies, we want to keep it out of probate possibly by having it owned by the deceased’s trust to avoid transfer headaches.

  • How do we best do that?
  • Who will inherit the business?
  • Who is qualified to run the business?
  • Are there multiple children who will inherit or is only one child qualified to run the business?
  • Will the other children become silent partners?
  • What if there are already partners, other non-family members who own a portion of the business?
  • What if there is no one to inherit and the business will be liquidated- how will that look and who will handle that?
  • Will there be a taxable event?
  • Is the business owner dependent, marketable or multi-generational?

How to best reduce liability for future owners of the business, whether that be heirs or a purchaser. So many questions that many have not thought through or think will magically go away at their passing. Time spent now looking at the big picture will save family, friends, partners and co-workers much time and expenses once that key business person passes.

Asset Protection:

Asset Protection (sometimes also referred to as debtor-creditor law) is a type of planning intended to protect one's assets from creditor claims. Individuals and business entities use asset protection techniques to limit creditors' access to certain valuable assets, while operating within the bounds of debtor-creditor law.

Many people, after both they and their spouse pass, will leave everything outright to their very responsible children in their estate planning. There are times when this is appropriate, but even then, we like to put particular assets into a trust and give those responsible heirs the immediate right to withdraw. Then, if something awful unforeseen is going on with that heir at the time of the decedent’s death - such as a lawsuit, bad marriage, and/or a judgement against them - that beneficiary can choose to leave their own assets in the trust, and the assets are protected. Of course, not all people have responsible children, and there are times we put assets into trust for life or give the children a staggered period where they can access the assets (such as 1/3 at 30, another 1/3 at 35 and the remainder at age 40).

The third party Trustee, whether family member or professional, or both, would have full discretion to access those funds for the beneficiary no matter the age of the beneficiary if, in that Trustee’s discretion, the expense was warranted. Many people don’t realize this is an option. Another issue we consider is asset protection for a spouse, particularly if that spouse is in a highly litigious profession, such as a doctor. We can set up a family trust to protect assets for the surviving spouse that will protect the assets not only from liability, but from second spouses as well, guaranteeing the assets will then pass to the decedent’s children after the second spouse passes away. This is very important to discuss with your estate planning attorney when you have a blended family.